Folic Acid Deficiency Questions & Answers

Updated: Sep 14, 2018
  • Author: Katherine Coffey-Vega, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is folic acid deficiency?

What is the pathophysiology of folic acid deficiency?

What is the US prevalence of folic acid deficiency?

What is the global prevalence of folic acid deficiency?

What are the hematologic manifestations of folic acid deficiency?

What are the cardiac complications of folic acid deficiency?

What are the pregnancy complications of folic acid deficiency?

What is the role of folic acid deficiency in carcinogenesis?

How does folic acid deficiency affect cognitive functioning?

Which patient populations are at increased risk for folic acid deficiency/

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of folic acid deficiency?

Which physical findings are characteristic of folic acid deficiency?

What causes folic acid deficiency?

What is the role of nutrition in the etiology of folic acid deficiency?

What causes impaired absorption in folic acid deficiency?

What is the role of impaired metabolism in the etiology of folic acid deficiency?

What causes an increase in folic acid requirement?

What causes increased excretion in folic acid deficiency?

What causes increased destruction of folic acid in folic acid deficiency?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Folic Acid Deficiency?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of folic acid deficiency?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of folic acid deficiency?

Treatment

How is folic acid deficiency treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with folic acid deficiency?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of folic acid deficiency?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of folic acid deficiency?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins are used in the treatment of Folic Acid Deficiency?

Follow-up

How is folic acid deficiency prevented?

What are the possible complications of folic acid deficiency?

What is included in patient education about folic acid deficiency?

What are the adverse effects of untreated folic acid deficiency on pregnancy outcomes?

What causes irreversible neuropathy in patients with folic acid deficiency?

How is cognition improved in patients with folic acid deficiency?