Ovarian Torsion Treatment & Management

Updated: Jun 27, 2017
  • Author: Erik D Schraga, MD; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD  more...
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Approach Considerations

In a patient with a history and physical examination findings suggestive of ovarian torsion, gynecologic consultation and subsequent laparoscopy are critical, regardless of whether laboratory and radiologic studies yield normal results.

Approximately 1 in 1800 pregnancies is complicated by adnexal torsion, typically between the sixth and fourteenth weeks of gestation. This increased frequency in pregnant women is likely due to greater laxity of the tissues adjoining the ovaries and oviducts during pregnancy, as well as to enlargement of the ovary in early pregnancy secondary to the corpus luteum cyst.

Detorsion of the adnexa during pregnancy has not been found to compromise fetal well-being. However, if the corpus luteum cyst is removed during salpingo-oophorectomy, supplemental progesterone is indicated.

Outpatient care has no role in the treatment of ovarian torsion. Patients with either a suspected or confirmed diagnosis of ovarian torsion should be admitted and either operated on or observed by a gynecologist. Laparoscopy can be used for both confirmation of the diagnosis and treatment.