Macrocytosis Medication

Updated: Dec 16, 2018
  • Author: Vincent E Herrin, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.

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Vitamins

Class Summary

In macrocytosis associated with vitamin deficiencies, the deficient vitamin is replaced to meet necessary dietary requirements. Used in metabolic pathways, DNA and protein synthesis.

Folic acid (Folacin-800)

Folic acid is an important cofactor for enzymes used in the production of red blood cells (RBCs).

Vitamin B-12 (CaloMist, Nascobal, Ener-B)

Deoxyadenosylcobalamin and hydroxocobalamin are active forms of vitamin B-12 in humans. Vitamin B-12 is synthesized by microbes but not by humans or plants. Vitamin B-12 deficiency may result from intrinsic factor deficiency (pernicious anemia), partial or total gastrectomy, or diseases of the distal ileum.

Multivitamins (M.V.I.-12, Infuvite)

Multivitamins are used as dietary supplements.

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