Hemorrhagic Cystitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 18, 2018
  • Author: Joseph Basler, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is included in patient education about hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the anatomy of the bladder relevant to hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the pathophysiology of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the pathophysiology of cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the pathophysiology of radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis?

What causes hemorrhagic cystitis?

What are the causes of radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis?

What are the causes of drug-induced hemorrhagic cystitis?

What are the causes of chemically-induced hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the prevalence of hemorrhagic cystitis?

Which factors increase the risk for hemorrhagic cystitis?

Which factors are associated with greater severity of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the prognosis of hemorrhagic cystitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of hemorrhagic cystitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hemorrhagic cystitis?

Workup

How is hemorrhagic cystitis diagnosed?

What is the role of imaging in the workup of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of cystoscopy in the workup of hemorrhagic cystitis?

How is hemorrhagic cystitis staged?

Treatment

How is hemorrhagic cystitis treated?

What is the role of clot evacuation in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of bladder irritation in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of carboprost in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of prostaglandins in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of formalin in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

How is radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis treated?

How is chemotherapy-induced hemorrhagic cystitis treated?

How is viral hemorrhagic cystitis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of cystectomy in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is included in preoperative care prior to cystectomy for hemorrhagic cystitis?

How is cystectomy performed for the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is included in postoperative care following cystectomy for hemorrhagic cystitis?

What is the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

How is hemorrhagic cystitis recurrence prevented?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis?

Which medications in the drug class Urologics, Other are used in the treatment of Hemorrhagic Cystitis?

Which medications in the drug class Prostaglandins, Endocrine are used in the treatment of Hemorrhagic Cystitis?

Which medications in the drug class Astringents are used in the treatment of Hemorrhagic Cystitis?