Thromboembolism in Pregnancy Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 07, 2018
  • Author: Edward H Springel, MD, FACOG; Chief Editor: Ronald M Ramus, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the clinical presentations of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

What are the signs and symptoms of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

What are clinical signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolus (PE) in pregnancy?

What is the role of D-dimer testing in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolus (PE) during pregnancy?

Which anticoagulation medications are used to treat venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is venous thromboembolism (VTE) and what are considerations of VTE during pregnancy?

What is the pathophysiology of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

What are the complications of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What are the signs and symptoms of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pregnancy?

What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolus (PE) during pregnancy?

Which electrocardiographic findings suggest venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

What are risk factors for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy?

What is the role of thrombophilia in the etiology of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the evaluation of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pregnancy?

What is the role of lab testing in the evaluation of pulmonary embolus (PE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pregnancy?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of pulmonary embolus (PE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scanning in the workup of pulmonary embolus (PE) during pregnancy?

Treatment

What is involved in the postpartum management of venous thromboembolism (VTE)?

Medications

Which anti-coagulation medications are used in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of Enoxaparin in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of unfractionated heparin in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What is the role of warfarin and direct thrombin inhibitors in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What are the possible complications of medical management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

Which medications are used to treat venous thromboembolism (VTE) during labor and delivery?

What is the postpartum treatment for venous thromboembolism (VTE)?

What are the indications for prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What are the ACOG and ACCP guidelines for prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

What are the National Partnership for Maternal Safety guidelines for prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy?

Which medications in the drug class Antiplatelet Agents are used in the treatment of Thromboembolism in Pregnancy?

Which medications in the drug class Anticoagulants, Hematologic are used in the treatment of Thromboembolism in Pregnancy?