Nonbacterial and Noninfectious Cystitis Clinical Presentation

Updated: Jul 29, 2021
  • Author: Lynda A Frassetto, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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General symptoms of cystitis include urgency, frequency, dysuria, and, occasionally, hematuria, dyspareunia, abdominal cramps, and/or bladder pain and spasms. 

BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients occurs at approximately 2 weeks posttransplantation. [6]

Ketamine-induced cystitis (KC) is characterized by marked frequency, urgency, and dysuria. Inflammation throughout the bladder results in diminished bladder capacity, leading to severe urinary frequency with extremely short intervals. [18]