Spur Cell Anemia Medication

Updated: Jun 20, 2021
  • Author: Maham Bakhtyar, MBBS; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Medication Summary

In patients with acanthocytosis due to abetalipoproteinemia cannot absorb triglycerides, vitamin E supplementation can prevent the progression of the disease, and supplementation of the diet with lipid-soluble vitamins A, K, E, and D results in further improvement of neurologic and retinal symptoms.



Vitamins, Fat-Soluble

Class Summary

Vitamins are used to meet necessary dietary requirements and are used in metabolic pathways, as well as DNA and protein synthesis.

Vitamin A (Aquasol A, A-Natural-25, A-25)

Vitamin A is a cofactor in many biochemical processes.

Vitamin E (Alph-E, E-Gems, Aquasol E, Gamma-E Gems)

Vitamin E protects polyunsaturated fatty acids in membranes from attack by free radicals and protects red blood cells from hemolysis.

Phytonadione (MEPHYTON)

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin absorbed by the gut and stored in the liver. It is necessary for the function of clotting factors in the coagulation cascade. Phytonadione is used to replace the essential vitamin K forms not obtained in sufficient quantities in the diet or to further supplement levels.

Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3, Bio-D-Mulsion Forte, Delta D3)

This agent stimulates absorption of calcium and phosphate from small intestine and promotes release of calcium from bone into blood. Use for treatment of vitamin D deficiency or prophylaxis of vitamin D deficiency.