Kikuchi Disease Follow-up

Updated: Aug 12, 2017
  • Author: John Boone, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP  more...
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Follow-up

Prognosis

Kikuchi disease is generally a self-limited disease with a favorable prognosis. Lymphadenopathy usually resolves within 1-6 months after onset, although it may persist longer. About 3% of patients experience recurrence.

Four deaths have been reported. Three patients died during the acute phase of generalized Kikuchi disease. One patient died from cardiac failure; another from the effects of hepatic and pulmonary involvement; and a third, from an acute lupuslike syndrome. A fourth patient, who had concurrent systemic lupus erythematosus, died from complications of hemophagocytic syndrome and severe infection . [1]