Actinomycosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 10, 2019
  • Author: Jason F Okulicz, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is actinomycosis?

What is the pathophysiology of actinomycosis?

What is the pathophysiology of cervicofacial actinomycosis?

What is the pathophysiology of thoracic actinomycosis?

What is the pathophysiology of actinomycosis of the abdomen and pelvis?

What is the prevalence of actinomycosis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of actinomycosis?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with actinomycosis?

What is the racial predilection of actinomycosis?

What are the sexual predilections of actinomycosis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of actinomycosis?

What is the prognosis of actinomycosis?

What is the risk of person-to-person transmission of actinomycosis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of thoracic actinomycosis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of abdominal actinomycosis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pelvic actinomycosis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cervicofacial actinomycosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cervicofacial actinomycosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of thoracic actinomycosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of abdominal actinomycosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pelvic actinomycosis?

What causes actinomycosis?

What are complications of actinomycosis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Actinomycosis?

Workup

Which findings on CBC count suggest actinomycosis?

Which findings of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels suggests actinomycosis?

Which chemistry results suggest actinomycosis?

What is the role of organism cultures in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of sulfur granules in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of serologic testing in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of a Papanicolaou test in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of chest radiography in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

What is the role of invasive procedures in the diagnosis of actinomycosis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of actinomycosis?

Treatment

How is actinomycosis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of actinomycosis?

Which specialist consultations may be beneficial to patients with actinomycosis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of actinomycosis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of actinomycosis?

How is actinomycosis prevented?

What is included in long-term monitoring of actinomycosis?

What is included in inpatient care for actinomycosis?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of actinomycosis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of actinomycosis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Actinomycosis?