Adenovirus Questions & Answers

Updated: May 15, 2018
  • Author: Sandra G Gompf, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is an adenovirus?

What is the pathophysiology of adenovirus infections?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of adenovirus infections?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with adenovirus infections?

What is the racial predilection of adenovirus infections?

What is the sexual predilection of adenovirus infections?

How does the prevalence of adenovirus infections vary by age?

What is the prognosis of adenovirus infections?

What is included in patient education about adenovirus infections?

Presentation

What are the major syndromes caused by adenovirus infections?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related acute respiratory disease (ARD)?

What is adenovirus serotype 14 (AD14) infection?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related pharyngoconjunctival fever?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related epidemic keratoconjunctivitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related acute hemorrhagic cystitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related gastroenteritis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of adenoviral infections in immunocompromised hosts?

What are the signs and symptoms of adenovirus?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related acute respiratory disease (ARD)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related pharyngoconjunctival fever?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related epidemic keratoconjunctivitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related acute hemorrhagic cystitis/nephritis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related gastroenteritis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of adenoviral infections in immunocompromised hosts?

What are the possible complications of adenovirus infections?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Adenovirus?

Workup

What is the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) relative to adenovirus infections?

What is the role of serotyping in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of viral cultures in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of serology in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of antigen testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of syndrome-specific testing in the evaluation of adenoviral infections?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related acute respiratory disease (ARD)?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related pharyngoconjunctival fever?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related epidemic keratoconjunctivitis?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related acute hemorrhagic cystitis or nephritis?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related gastroenteritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of adenovirus-related pneumonia?

What is the role of liver ultrasonography in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of renal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of urine cytology in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

What is the role of biopsy in the diagnosis of adenovirus infections?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related pneumonia?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related enteritis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related hepatitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of adenovirus-related nephritis?

Treatment

How are adenovirus infections treated?

How are adenovirus infections treated following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with adenovirus infections?

What is the role of vaccination in the prevention of adenovirus infections?

How are nosocomial adenovirus infections prevented?

How are waterborne adenovirus infections prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of patients with adenovirus infections?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment for adenovirus infections?

When is transfer of patients with adenovirus infection indicated?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of adenovirus infections?

Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Adenovirus?

Which medications in the drug class Antivirals are used in the treatment of Adenovirus?