Botulism Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 15, 2019
  • Author: Kirk M Chan-Tack, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the main clinical presentations of botulism?

What are the signs and symptoms of botulism?

How does botulism progress?

What are the autonomic nervous system findings characteristic of botulism?

What are the neurologic findings characteristic of botulism?

How is botulism diagnosed?

Which EMG findings are characteristic of botulism?

What is included in supportive care for botulism?

How is wound botulism treated?

How are nosocomial infections prevented in botulism?

What is botulism?

What is the pathophysiology of botulism?

What is the prevalence of botulism in the US?

What is the global distribution of C botulinum strains?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with botulism?

What are the sexual predilections of botulism?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of botulism?

Presentation

What causes adult intestinal toxemia botulism?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of botulism?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of foodborne botulism?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of wound botulism?

What are the signs and symptoms of iatrogenic botulism from an overdose of botulinum toxin (Botox)?

How do the physical findings of botulism change as the disease progresses?

What are the autonomic nervous system signs and symptoms of botulism?

What are neurologic signs and symptoms of botulism?

What causes wound botulism?

What causes foodborne botulism?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of botulism?

What are the differential diagnoses for Botulism?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of botulism?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of botulism?

What is the role of electrocardiography in the workup of botulism?

What is the role of NCS and EMG in the workup of botulism?

How is myasthenia gravis differentiated from botulism?

Treatment

How is botulism treated?

How is the risk for nosocomial infections reduced during the treatment of botulism?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of botulism?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with botulism?

How is oral intake reinstituted following the treatment of botulism?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of botulism?

Medications

What is the role of medications in botulism treatment?

Which medications in the drug class Antitoxins are used in the treatment of Botulism?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Botulism?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of botulism?

How long does it take to recover from botulism?

What is the role of antibiotics in botulism treatment?

When is patient transfer indicated for botulism treatment?

How is botulism prevented?

What are the possible complications of botulism?

What is the prognosis of botulism?

What is included in patient education about botulism?