Coxsackieviruses Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 24, 2018
  • Author: Martha L Muller, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are coxsackieviruses?

What is the difference between group A and group B coxsackieviruses?

What is the pathophysiology of coxsackievirus infection?

What is the prevalence of coxsackievirus infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of coxsackievirus infections?

What is the mortality risk for coxsackievirus infection?

How does the prevalence of coxsackievirus infection vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of coxsackievirus infection vary by age?

Presentation

How prevalent is coxsackievirus encephalitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of coxsackievirus myopericarditis?

Which history findings are characteristic of coxsackievirus infections?

What are the signs and symptoms of aseptic meningitis caused by coxsackieviruses?

Which neurologic diseases are caused by coxsackieviruses?

What is the role of coxsackievirus infection in the etiology of diabetes?

What are the signs and symptoms of exanthems caused by coxsackievirus infection?

What are the signs and symptoms of pleurodynia caused by coxsackievirus infection?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute coxsackievirus hemorrhagic conjunctivitis?

Which physical findings suggest coxsackievirus aseptic meningitis?

Which physical findings suggest coxsackievirus encephalitis?

Which physical findings suggest coxsackievirus myopericarditis?

Which physical findings suggest hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by coxsackievirus infection?

Which physical findings suggest coxsackievirus pleurodynia?

Which physical findings suggest coxsackievirus acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

How frequently does coxsackievirus infection cause aseptic meningitis?

What is the etiologic role of coxsackieviruses in exanthems?

What is the etiologic role of coxsackieviruses in acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus aseptic meningitis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus encephalitis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus myopericarditis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus herpangina?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus epidemic pleurodynia?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnosis of coxsackievirus acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Coxsackieviruses?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of coxsackievirus infection?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup coxsackievirus aseptic meningitis?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of coxsackievirus encephalitis?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of coxsackievirus myopericarditis?

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of coxsackievirus acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the evaluation of coxsackievirus infection?

Which tests may be useful in the evaluation of coxsackievirus infection?

Which procedures may be useful in the evaluation of coxsackievirus infection?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of coxsackievirus infections?

Treatment

What is the approach to treatment of coxsackievirus infection?

What is included in medical care for coxsackievirus aseptic meningitis?

What is included in medical care for coxsackievirus myopericarditis?

What is included in medical care for coxsackievirus epidemic pleurodynia?

What is included in medical care for coxsackievirus acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC)?

What is included in medical care for immunodeficiency in patients with coxsackievirus infections?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of coxsackievirus infection?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the treatment of coxsackievirus infection?

Which dietary modifications are needed for patients with coxsackievirus infection?

Which activity modifications are needed for patients with coxsackievirus infection?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of coxsackievirus infection?

Follow-up

What is included in the follow-up care for patients with coxsackievirus infection?

When is inpatient care indicated for patients with coxsackievirus infection?

Which medications are used in the treatment of coxsackievirus infections?

When is transfer needed for patients with coxsackievirus infection?

How is coxsackievirus infection prevented?

What are the complications of coxsackievirus infection?

What is the prognosis of coxsackievirus infection?

What should be included in patient education about coxsackieviruses?