Cryptosporidiosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 24, 2018
  • Author: Miguel M Cabada, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cryptosporidiosis?

How is cryptosporidiosis transmitted?

What is the life cycle of cryptosporidium that cause cryptosporidiosis?

What is the pathophysiology of cryptosporidiosis?

What are risk factors in the development of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of cryptosporidiosis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the prognosis of cryptosporidiosis?

What are the complications of cryptosporidiosis?

What should be included in patient education about cryptosporidiosis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cryptosporidiosis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cryptosporidiosis?

DDX

Which other infections should be considered in the differential diagnoses of cryptosporidiosis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Cryptosporidiosis?

Workup

What is the role of cryptosporidium tests in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

How are stool specimens tested for cryptosporidiosis?

Which stool tests are performed in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What are procedures for stool specimen exam in the evaluation of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of lymphocyte subset analysis in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of HIV testing in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of primary immunodeficiency screening in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of abdominal ultrasonography in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of bronchoalveolar lavage in the workup of cryptosporidiosis?

What are histologic features of cryptosporidiosis?

Treatment

What is included in the treatment of cryptosporidiosis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of cryptosporidiosis?

What are indications for surgery in cryptosporidiosis?

Which specialists should be consulted in the treatment of cryptosporidiosis?

What is included in antiparasitic therapy for cryptosporidiosis?

What is included in symptomatic therapy for cryptosporidiosis?

What is the role of fluids and electrolytes for the management of cryptosporidiosis?

How is biliary involvement treated in patients with cryptosporidiosis?

How is cryptosporidiosis prevented?

Medications

What are the key component in the treatment of cryptosporidiosis?

Which medications in the drug class Somatostatin Analogues are used in the treatment of Cryptosporidiosis?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiarrheal Agents are used in the treatment of Cryptosporidiosis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiparasitics are used in the treatment of Cryptosporidiosis?