Enteroviruses Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 01, 2018
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of enteroviruses?

What are enteroviruses?

What are the signs and symptoms of polio enteroviral infection?

What are the symptomatic nonpolio enteroviral infections?

Which physical findings are characteristic of enteroviral disease?

Which physical findings are characteristic of nonparalytic polio caused by enteroviruses?

Which physical findings are characteristic of paralytic polio caused by enteroviruses?

How are enteroviral diseases treated?

What are enteroviruses?

What is the virology of enteroviruses?

Which infectious diseases and conditions are caused by enteroviruses?

What is the pathophysiology of enteroviruses?

What is the immune response to enteroviral infections?

What is the prevalence of enteroviruses in the US?

What is the global prevalence of enteroviruses?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with enteroviruses?

What is the sexual predilection of enteroviruses?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of enteroviral diseases?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of nonparalytic polio caused by enteroviruses?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of paralytic polio caused by enteroviruses?

What are the signs and symptoms of nonpolio enteroviral diseases?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral pleurodynia?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral myopericarditis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of acute enteroviral hemorrhagic conjunctivitis?

What is the most common clinical presentation of enterovirus infection?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral aseptic meningitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral herpangina?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral hand-foot-and-mouth disease?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of enteroviral encephalitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of nonpoliovirus paralytic disease?

Which physical findings are characteristic of enterovirus infection?

How are enteroviral infections transmitted?

DDX

How is Guillain-Barré syndrome differentiated from enteroviral disease?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses for enteroviruses?

How is Stevens-Johnson syndrome differentiated from enteroviral disease?

What are the differential diagnoses for Enteroviruses?

Workup

What is the role of cardiac enzyme measurement in the workup of enteroviral disease?

How is enterovirus infection diagnosed?

What is the role of serology in the workup of enteroviral diseases?

How are enteroviruses isolated in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of PCR in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of ECG findings in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of electroencephalography in the workup of enteroviral disease?

What is the role of slit-lamp exam in the workup of enteroviral disease?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of enterovirus infection?

Treatment

How is enteroviral polio treated?

How is enteroviral pleurodynia treated?

How is enteroviral aseptic meningitis treated?

How is enteroviral myopericarditis treated?

How is acute enteroviral hemorrhagic conjunctivitis treated?

How are enteroviral herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of enteroviral infections?

Which specialist consultations may be helpful in patients with enterovirus infections?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of enteroviral diseases?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of enteroviral infections?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of enteroviral diseases?

Follow-up

Which medications are used in the treatment of enteroviral diseases?

How are enteroviral infections prevented?

What are the possible complications of polio?

What are the possible complications of enteroviral aseptic meningitis?

What are the possible complications of nonpoliovirus paralytic disease?

What are the possible complications of enteroviral myopericarditis?

What are the possible complications of acute enteroviral hemorrhagic conjunctivitis?

What is the prognosis of enteroviral diseases?

What is included in patient education about enteroviruses?