Escherichia coli (E coli) Infections Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 11, 2019
  • Author: Tarun Madappa, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Escherichia coli (E coli) and what infections does it cause?

What is the morphology of Escherichia coli (E coli)?

Which neonatal infections are caused by Escherichia coli (E coli)?

What is the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli (E coli) pneumonia?

What is the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli (E coli) intra-abdominal infection?

Which Escherichia coli (E coli) variants cause enteric infections?

Which type of Escherichia coli (E coli) is the most common cause of foodborne diseases?

Which strains of Escherichia coli (E coli) cause enteric infections?

What is the etiologic role of Escherichia coli (E coli) in urinary tract infections?

What are less common infections caused by Escherichia coli (E coli)?

What is the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E coli) infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What are the mortality and morbidity rates associated with Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

How does the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E coli) infection vary by race?

How does the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E coli) infection vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections vary by age?

Presentation

What is the presentation of Escherichia coli (E coli) traveler's diarrhea?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis?

What are the differential diagnoses of acute Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) pneumonia?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) intra-abdominal infections?

What is the presentation of Escherichia coli (E coli) childhood diarrhea?

Which Escherichia coli (E coli) strain caused an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Germany in 2011?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) dysentery?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute Escherichia coli (E coli) urethral syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) pyelonephritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Escherichia coli (E coli) acute prostatitis or prostatic abscess?

What are the differential diagnoses of acute Escherichia coli (E coli) acute prostatitis and prostatic abscess?

What are the physical findings that suggest Escherichia coli (E coli) enteric infections?

What are the risk factors for Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis?

How does Escherichia coli (E coli) cause pneumonia?

What is the role of Escherichia coli (E coli) in the etiology of cholecystitis/cholangitis and intra-abdominal abscesses?

Which physical findings suggest Escherichia coli (E coli) cholecystitis/cholangitis or intra-abdominal abscess?

What are the physical findings that suggest Escherichia coli (E coli) urinary tracts infections (UTIs)?

What are the physical findings of Escherichia coli (E coli) septic shock?

What are the differential diagnoses of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections based on lab characteristics?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Escherichia coli (E coli) Infections?

Workup

What is the role of CBC count in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What is the role of Gram stain in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What does Escherichia coli (E coli) look like when cultured on MacConkey agar?

What constitutes a definitive diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) infection?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of acute Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) pneumonia?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) enteric infections?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) urinary tract infections (UTIs)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) pneumonia?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) cholecystitis/cholangitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) intra-abdominal abscess?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) urinary tract infections (UTIs)?

Which tests are used to identify specific strains of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

When are invasive procedures indicated in the diagnosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

Treatment

What is the basis for treatment selection in Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

When is surgery indicated for Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What role does diet play in the treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What activity modifications are needed during treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

Medications

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) pneumonia?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) cholecystitis/cholangitis?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) intra-abdominal abscesses?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) enteric infections?

Which medications are used to treat uncomplicated Escherichia coli (E coli) cystitis?

Which medications are used to treat recurrent Escherichia coli (E coli) cystitis?

Which medications are used to treat complex Escherichia coli (E coli) cystitis?

Which medications are used to treat uncomplicated Escherichia coli (E coli) pyelonephritis?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) perinephric abscess or prostatitis?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) sepsis?

Which medications are used to treat Escherichia coli (E coli) Shiga toxin infections?

Which drug-resistant strains of Escherichia coli (E coli) cause urinary tract infections (UTIs)?

Which factors cause changes in treatment regimens for Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) Infections?

Follow-up

How are the neurologic sequelae of Escherichia coli (E coli) meningitis treated?

What should inpatient care for patients with Escherichia coli (E coli) infections include?

What are the indications for inpatient treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

When is a switch to oral medications indicated in the treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) pyelonephritis?

When are antibiotics contraindicated in the treatment of Escherichia coli (E coli) infection?

What are complications of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What is the prognosis of Escherichia coli (E coli) infections?

What information about Escherichia coli (E coli) infections should patients receive?