Rabies Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Nov 16, 2022
  • Author: Sandra G Gompf, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of rabies include the following:

  • Other infectious causes of encephalitis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Botulism
  • Tetanus
  • Transverse myelitis
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Psychosis
  • Intracranial mass
  • Epilepsy
  • Atropine poisoning
  • Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease
  • Poisoning with atropinelike compounds
  • Pseudohydrophobia (hysterical reaction to animal bites due to fear of rabies)

Differential Diagnoses