Malaria Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Aug 15, 2018
  • Author: Thomas E Herchline, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of malaria include the following:

  • Viral illness

  • Bacteremia

  • African trypanosomiasis

  • Amebiasis and amebic liver abscess

  • Brucellosis

  • Cholera

  • Collagen vascular disease

  • Enteric fever

  • Epidemic or louse-borne typhus

  • Food-borne illness or toxin

  • Hodgkin disease

  • Relapsing fever

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Schistosomiasis (acute Katayama fever)

  • Seizure disorder

  • HIV infection

  • Babesiosis

  • Plague

  • Q fever

  • Viral hemorrhagic fevers

  • Dengue Fever

  • Encephalitis

  • Gastroenteritis

  • Giardiasis

  • Heat exhaustion and heatstroke

  • Hepatitis

  • Hypothermia

  • Leishmaniasis

  • Mononucleosis

  • Otitis media

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Pharyngitis

  • Bacterial pneumonia

  • Immunocompromised pneumonia

  • Mycoplasma pneumonia

  • Viral Pneumonia

  • Salmonella infection

  • Sinusitis

  • Tetanus

  • Toxoplasmosis

  • Yellow fever

Differential Diagnoses