Dysphagia Differential Diagnoses

Updated: May 02, 2017
  • Author: Nam-Jong Paik, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

See the list below:

  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Brainstem tumors
  • Degenerative diseases, such as ALS, multiple sclerosis (MS), and Huntington disease
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Muscular dystrophy (myotonic dystrophy, oculopharyngeal dystrophy)
  • Cricopharyngeal achalasia
  • Obstructive lesions, such as tumors, inflammatory masses, Zenker diverticulum, esophageal webs, extrinsic structural lesions, anterior mediastinal masses, and cervical spondylosis
  • Spastic motor disorders, such as diffuse esophageal spasm, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter, and nutcracker esophagus
  • Scleroderma
  • Obstructive lesions (eg, tumors, strictures, lower esophageal rings [Schatzki rings], esophageal webs, foreign bodies, vascular compression, mediastinal masses)

Differential Diagnoses