Mycobacterium Chelonae Medication

Updated: Jun 07, 2022
  • Author: Mary B Ford, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Refer to "Treatment" section of this article for additional details. 

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Antibiotic, Macrolide

Clarithromycin (Biaxin)

Clarithromycin inhibits bacterial growth by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit and inhibiting protein synthesis. It is recommended to treat in combination with other antibiotics. Clarithromycin is frequently used as a component of oral therapy.

Azithromycin (Zithromax)

Azithromycin inhibits bacterial growth by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit and inhibiting protein synthesis. It is recommended to treat in combination with other antibiotics. Azithromycin is frequently used as a component of oral therapy.

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Antibiotic, Aminoglycoside

Tobramycin (AKTob, Tobrex)

Tobramycin inhibits bacterial growth by binding to the 30S subunit of bacterial ribosomes and inhibiting protein synthesis. Use the patient's ideal body weight for dosage calculation. Tobramycin is used in combination with other antibiotics.

Amikacin

Amikacin inhibits bacterial growth by binding to the 30S subunit of bacterial ribosomes and inhibiting protein synthesis. Use the patient's ideal body weight for dosage calculation. Amikacin is used in combination with other antibiotics.

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Antibiotic, Carbapenem

Imipenem/cilastatin (Primaxin)

Imipenem/cilastatin combination inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis by binding to one or more of the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). Cilastatin prevents renal metabolism of imipenem by competitive inhibition of dehydropeptidase along the brush border of the renal tubules. This combination is used in combination with other antimicrobials.

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Antibiotic, Oxazolidinone

Linezolid (Zyvox)

Linezolid inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA of the 50S subunit.

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Antibiotic, Glycylcycline

Tigecycline (Tygacil)

Tigecycline inhibits bacterial protein by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. Tigecycline is used in combination with other antibiotics.

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Antibiotic, Tetracycline Derivative

Doxycycline (Adoxa, Alodox, Doryx, Vibramycin)

Doxycycline inhibits protein synthesis by binding with the 30S subunit.

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Antibiotic, Quinolone

Moxifloxacin (Avelox)

Moxifloxacin inhibits the A subunits of DNA gyrase, resulting in inhibition of bacterial DNA replication and transcription. It is used in combination with other antibiotics. Ensure the organism is susceptible.

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

Ciprofloxacin inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis by binding to gyrase.

Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic (Ciloxan)

Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic is used with or without systemic antibiotics (either oral or parenteral). It inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting DNA gyrase. It is indicated for superficial ocular infections of the conjunctiva or cornea caused by strains susceptible to ciprofloxacin.

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Antitubercular Agents

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