Parapoxviruses Treatment & Management

Updated: Apr 16, 2018
  • Author: Luke Bloomquist, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

Parapoxvirus infections typically have a benign and self-limited course and no specific treatment is necessary.

Immunocompromised patients or those with large, progressive, or disseminated lesions may benefit from the following interventions:

  • Topical cidofovir [26, 27]

  • Topical imiquimod [28]

  • Antimicrobials for bacterial superinfection

Idoxuridine application may have utility with eye involvement.

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Surgical Care

Surgical debridement or excision may be necessary in rare cases that are progressive or destructive.

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Consultations

A veterinarian may be helpful in diagnosing parapoxvirus infection in the animal host and in controlling outbreaks.

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