Viral Pharyngitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: KoKo Aung, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is acute pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What causes most cases of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of rhinovirus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of adenovirus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of influenza virus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of parainfluenza virus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of coronavirus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of enterovirus in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of HIV in the pathogenesis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the incidence of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) in the US?

What is the global incidence of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

How does the incidence of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) differ among races?

How does the incidence of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) differ between males and females?

How does the incidence of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) vary among age groups?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the presentation of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to common cold syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of adenovirus-caused pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infectious mononucleosis?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute herpetic pharyngitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute herpetic viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the presentation of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to influenza?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by enteroviruses?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV)?

What are the signs and symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by HIV?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to common cold syndrome?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by adenovirus?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to infectious mononucleosis?

Which physical findings suggest acute herpetic viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to influenza?

Which physical findings suggest enteroviral pharyngitis?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV)?

Which physical findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by HIV?

What are the most common etiological agents of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are less common etiological agents of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are uncommon etiological agents of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which white blood count (WBC) findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which etiology is suggested by a finding of atypical lymphocytosis in the evaluation of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are the possible results of a streptococcal antigen test and a bacterial culture in viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which tests are performed to determine etiology in viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which lab findings indicate viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infectious mononucleosis?

Which lab findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to influenza?

Which lab findings indicate viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by enterovirus infection?

Which lab findings indicate viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection?

Which lab findings suggest viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection?

Which lab findings indicate viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by HIV infection?

Treatment

What is the basis for treatment selection for viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which medications are used to treat pain or fever in viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of gargles and lozenges in the treatment of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are the adverse effects of antibiotics for treatment of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are the specific treatments for viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the role of amantadine and rimantadine in the treatment of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the ACIP recommendation for antiviral treatment of influenza?

When is the greatest benefit of antiviral treatment for influenza achieved?

What are the risks and benefits of neuraminidase inhibitors for the treatment of influenza?

What are the treatment options for viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infectious mononucleosis?

What are the treatment options for viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by herpes simplex virus?

What are the treatment options for viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by acute retroviral syndrome (ARS)?

What dietary modifications are used in the treatment of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are the activity restrictions during treatment for viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment in viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What is the efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate/benzydamine hydrochloride mouth spray for the treatment of viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral Agent, Inhalation Therapy are used in the treatment of Viral Pharyngitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral Agents are used in the treatment of Viral Pharyngitis?

Which medications in the drug class Topical Anesthetics are used in the treatment of Viral Pharyngitis?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics/antipyretics are used in the treatment of Viral Pharyngitis?

Follow-up

What are preventive measures for viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Which vaccines are effective against viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

Is the influenza vaccine effective in preventing viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are possible complications of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to a common cold?

What are possible complications of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by infectious mononucleosis?

What are possible complications of herpetic viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What are possible complications of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to influenza?

What are possible complications of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

What are possible complications of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by HIV infection?

What is the prognosis of a viral pharyngitis (sore throat) secondary to a common cold?

What is the prognosis of a viral pharyngitis (sore throat) patient caused by infectious mononucleosis?

What is the prognosis of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) caused by influenza?

What is the prognosis of enteroviral viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?

What education about viral pharyngitis (sore throat) should be given to patients?

How should patients with viral pharyngitis (sore throat) be told regarding antibiotic treatment?

What symptoms of viral pharyngitis (sore throat) should prompt a visit to a doctor?

What are some patient education resources for viral pharyngitis (sore throat)?