Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 20, 2018
  • Author: Marcus Friedrich, MD, MBA, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

How do Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections manifest?

What are the physical findings in Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Which lab studies are used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Which imaging studies are used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What are the secondary tests and procedures used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Which medications are used to treat Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the role of surgical care in the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is Pseudomonas aeruginosa?

What type of pathogen is Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What is the pathogenesis of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the prevalence of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections in the US?

What is the worldwide prevalence of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the mortality/morbidity of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Who is at greatest risk of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa endocarditis?

What are the age-related demographics of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the epidemiology of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the prognosis of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is included in the patient education information for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Presentation

Where in the body do Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections occur?

How does Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections affect the respiratory tract?

What are symptoms of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa pneumonia?

How is Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa bacteremia acquired?

What are the signs and symptoms of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How does Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa endocarditis manifest?

How is the CNS affected by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How is the ear affected by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How is the eye affected by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What are the most common sites of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How do Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections manifest in the bones and joints?

How is the GI tract affected by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How is the urinary tract affected by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Does Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa grow on skin?

How does green nail syndrome manifest from Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

How are secondary wound infections associated with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa characterized?

What are the symptoms of swimming pool folliculitis caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

How is the skin affected by pseudomonal bacteremia?

How is burn wound sepsis caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa characterized?

What are the characteristics of bacterial endocarditis associated with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the respiratory features of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What are the GI findings in infants with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What are the cutaneous characteristics of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What are the characteristics of skeletal infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the characteristics of eye infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the characteristics of malignant otitis externa caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the characteristics of bacteremia caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What causes pseudomonal bacteremia?

What are the predisposing conditions of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Which conditions are predisposing to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections and how do they manifest?

What are the risk factors for infection with resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections?

Workup

What is the role of a CBC in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How are blood cultures used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Which cultures other than blood cultures are used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How is Gram stain used in the diagnosis of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What is the role of bone scanning in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What is the role of brain CT scanning or MRI in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What is the role of renal ultrasonography in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Which other tests are used in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Which procedures are indicated in the workup of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What are the histologic findings in Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Treatment

What are the approach considerations on the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

How are GI tract infections due to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa treated?

What is the mainstay therapy for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What are the treatment options for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa endocarditis?

What are the treatment options for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa pneumonia?

What are the treatment options for bacteremia due to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the treatment options for meningitis due to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

How are ear infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa treated?

How are eye infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa treated?

How are urinary tract infections (UTIs) due to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa treated?

What are the treatment options for skin and soft tissue infections due to Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What is the efficacy of ceftazidime/avibactam (Avycaz) combination therapy for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What is the efficacy of ceftolozane/tazobactam combination therapy for Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What are the surgical options for the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

What are the consultations indicated in the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

How is nutritional support addressed in the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

How is nutritional support addressed in the treatment of cystic fibrosis and Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Are activity restrictions indicated for patients with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

What are the complications of pseudomonal endocarditis?

What are the complications of pseudomonal bacteremia?

What are the complications of pseudomonal pneumonia?

What are the complications of ear infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are complications of eye infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the complications of GI infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

What are the complications of skin and soft tissue infections caused by Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa?

How are Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections prevented when catheters are necessary?

How can Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections be prevented?

How are patients with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections monitored in an outpatient setting?

When is inpatient care indicated for patients with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

When are aminoglycosides indicated for the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

When is transfer indicated for patients with Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infection?

Medications

What medications are used in the treatment of Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa infections?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections?