Reoviruses Treatment & Management

Updated: Mar 03, 2017
  • Author: Andrew Stevenson Joel Chandranesan, MBBS; Chief Editor: Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

Reovirus

No specific treatment or prevention measures have been recommended for reovirus infections in humans because of the lack of definitive association with disease.

Colorado tick fever

Ribavirin may merit consideration in the appropriate clinical setting. Bed rest, fluids, and antipyretics are recommended as symptomatic therapy.

Rotavirus

Treatment of rotavirus gastroenteritis consists of restoring the fluid loss in dehydrated patients. Emphasis has shifted from intravenous to oral rehydration using glucose electrolyte solutions. The solution recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) contains 30 mEq/L of sodium, 30 mEq/L of potassium, and 30 mEq of bicarbonate. In cases of severe dehydration, intravenous solutions can be used. Antimotility drugs are rarely indicated in children with gastroenteritis because the potential risks outweigh the benefits.

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Diet

Start feeding within 24 hours of rotavirus gastroenteritis. This includes breast milk or diluted formula or milk in infants and lactose-free, carbohydrate-rich foods in older children. Fruit juice and soft drinks are not recommended because of their low sodium and high glucose concentrations.

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