Ureaplasma Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 03, 2019
  • Author: Ken B Waites, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Ureaplasma?

What is the pathophysiology of Ureaplasma infection?

How are Ureaplasma species transmitted?

Which clinical conditions are caused by Ureaplasma infection?

Which clinical conditions in women may be caused by Ureaplasma infection?

How are Ureaplasma infections transmitted to infants, and what conditions do they cause?

What does Ureaplasma in amniotic fluid cause?

Where have Ureaplasma species been isolated in pregnant women and fetuses?

Which invasive diseases are caused by Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma species?

What is the significance of mycoplasmal infections in persons with HIV infection?

What is the prevalence of Ureaplasma infection in the US?

What factors affect the prevalence of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with Ureaplasma infection?

How does the prevalence of Ureaplasma infection vary by race?

How does the prevalence of Ureaplasma infection vary by sex?

How does the prevalence of Ureaplasma infection vary by age?

Presentation

What clinical history is characteristic of Ureaplasma infection?

Which clinical conditions are caused by Ureaplasma infections?

Why is it important to consider an Ureaplasma etiology in the differential diagnoses of genitourinary infection?

When should Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma infection be considered?

What is the physical presentation of Ureaplasma infection in neonates?

How are Ureaplasma species differentiated?

DDX

How are Ureaplasma infections diagnosed?

What are the differential diagnoses for Ureaplasma Infection?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of cultures in the evaluation for Ureaplasma infection?

How are culture specimens collected for the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

What cultures are indicated for the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection in neonates?

What is the role of extragenital or extrapulmonary culture specimens in the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the proper specimen handling for evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of serologic studies in the workup of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of PCR assay in the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of Ureaplasma infection?

Which radiographic findings are characteristic of Ureaplasma infection in infants?

What is the indication for specimen collection for culture in the workup of Ureaplasma infection?

What specimen collection techniques are used in the evaluation of Ureaplasma infection?

Treatment

What is the basis for treatment selection in Ureaplasma infection?

What comorbidities should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Ureaplasma infection?

How are Ureaplasma infections managed?

What are the treatment options for conditions attributed to genital Mycoplasma species or Ureaplasma infection?

What are considerations regarding the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

Medications

What is the role of tetracycline in the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of clindamycin in the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the efficacy of clarithromycin in the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

What is the role of fluoroquinolones in the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

Have many clinical trials been conducted for Ureaplasma infections?

What is the basis for the treatment recommendations for Ureaplasma infection?

What has been learned from treatment of Ureaplasma infections in immunocompromised patients?

What are the treatment options for neonates with Ureaplasma infection?

How is neonatal Ureaplasma meningitis treated?

What is the efficacy of aminoglycosides and chloramphenicol for the treatment of Ureaplasma infection?

What are the treatment alternatives for neonates with Ureaplasma infection?

What are the treatment options for Mycoplasma genitalium urethritis?

Which medications in the drug class Antimicrobial agents are used in the treatment of Ureaplasma Infection?

Follow-up

How are Ureaplasma infections prevented?