Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jun 02, 2021
  • Author: Robert W Derlet, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Any of the arthropod-borne viral diseases in their various forms not listed above might be mistaken for Venezuelan equine encephalitis.

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of Venezuelan equine encephalitis, in addition to those in the next section, include the following:

  • Japanese encephalitis

  • Western equine encephalitis

  • Eastern equine encephalitis

  • Acute HIV infection

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Colorado tick fever

  • Measles (rubeola)

  • Listeria monocytogenes

  • Lyme disease

  • Malaria

  • Meningitis

  • Meningococcal infections

  • Meningococcemia

  • Naegleria infection

  • Norwalk virus

  • Picornavirus

  • Q fever

  • Echoviruses

  • Viral hepatitis

  • Herpes simplex

Differential Diagnoses