Burkholderia cepacia Clinical Presentation

Updated: Oct 27, 2015
  • Author: Burke A Cunha, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Presentation

History

A history of the use of irrigant solutions that may have contained B cepacia is epidemiologically important.

Next:

Physical

Physical examination is referable to the organ system involved.

Previous
Next:

Causes

B cepacia is a nonfermentative, aerobic, gram-negative bacillus formerly classified as Pseudomonas. Unlike Pseudomonas aeruginosa, B cepacia is an organism of low virulence with a limited ability to cause infection in humans.

B cepacia survives and multiplies in aqueous hospital environments, where it may persist for long periods. [1]

Sources of B cepacia colonization include the following:

  • Personnel - Hands, antiseptic soaps, hand lotion [2]
  • Respiratory equipment and/or fluids - Respirator tubing condensate, ultrasonic nebulizers, inhalation medications
  • Intravenous lines and/or fluids - Intravenous solutions, central venous catheters
  • Pressure-monitoring devices - Pressure transducer fluids
  • Urine and/or fluids - Indwelling Foley catheters, urometers, irrigation solutions
Previous