Burkholderia cepacia Medication

Updated: Oct 25, 2018
  • Author: Syed Faisal Mahmood, MBBS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Medication

Medication Summary

Because B cepacia is almost always a colonizer, antimicrobial treatment is unnecessary and may be harmful unless infection is proven.

B cepacia, as a non-aeruginosa pseudomonad, is usually resistant to aminoglycosides, antipseudomonal penicillins, and antipseudomonal third-generation cephalosporins and polymyxin B. [13]

B cepacia is often susceptible to trimethoprim plus sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), cefepime, meropenem, minocycline, and tigecycline and has varying susceptibility to fluoroquinolones.

Next:

Antibiotics

Class Summary

Empiric antimicrobial therapy should cover the most likely pathogens in the context of the clinical setting.

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim DS, Septra DS)

Inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting synthesis of dihydrofolic acid. Antibacterial activity includes common urinary tract pathogens, except P aeruginosa.

Cefepime (Maxipime)

Fourth-generation cephalosporin with good gram-negative coverage; similar to ceftazidime, but with better gram-positive coverage.

Tigecycline (Tygacil)

A glycylcycline antibiotic that is structurally similar to tetracycline antibiotics. Inhibits bacterial protein translation by binding to 30S ribosomal subunit and blocks entry of amino-acyl tRNA molecules in ribosome A site. Indicated for complicated skin and skin-structure infections caused by E coli, E faecalis (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only), S aureus (methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates), S agalactiae, S anginosus group (includes S anginosus, S intermedius, S constellatus), S pyogenes, and B fragilis.

Meropenem (Merrem IV)

Semisynthetic carbapenem antibiotic that inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis. Effective against most gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

Has slightly increased activity against gram-negative bacteria and slightly decreased activity against staphylococci and streptococci compared to imipenem.

Minocycline (Dynacin, Minocin)

Treats infections caused by susceptible gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, in addition to infections caused by susceptible Chlamydia, Rickettsia, and Mycoplasma. Was found to be effective in some non-tuberculotic mycobacterial infections.

Previous