Burkholderia cepacia Treatment & Management

Updated: Mar 15, 2023
  • Author: Sara Ahmed, MBBS, MRCP(UK), FCPS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Medical Care

Patient-to-patient spread of B cepacia may be minimized and/or prevented with effective infection-control measures.

Use foley catheters only as long as necessary. If possible, avoid their use in compromised hosts predisposed to urinary tract infections (eg, patients with diabetes, SLE, multiple myeloma).

Preventing B cepacia colonization of respiratory secretions in intubated patients who are in ICUs and on broad-spectrum antibiotics is difficult.



Consultation with an infectious disease specialist helps to differentiate B cepacia colonization from infection.



Effective infection-control measures can minimize or limit the spread of B cepacia and other organisms in the ICU.

Recovered B cepacia should be considered a nonpathogen unless proven otherwise.

If B cepacia is recovered from several patients in the same area, sections of an ICU or ward can become the focus for further B cepacia colonizations within the hospital setting.

Appropriate isolation procedures rather than antimicrobial therapy should be used to control the spread of B cepacia colonization among patients.