Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 16, 2020
  • Author: Duvuru Geetha, MD, MRCP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the pathophysiology of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What causes poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the prevalence of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the racial predilections of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the prognosis of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the possible complications of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the possible complications of chronic poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is included in patient education about poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of complicated acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of edema in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hypertension in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What causes hypertension in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

How prevalent is hypertensive encephalopathy in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of oliguria in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the possible cardiovascular findings in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the prevalence of pulmonary hemorrhage in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the role of kidney function studies in the workup of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which serologic findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which urinalysis findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the role of NT-proBNP measurement in the workup of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which imaging studies are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which pathologic findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which light microscopy findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which immunofluorescence findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which electron microscopy findings are characteristic of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

When is renal biopsy indicated in the workup of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN)?

Treatment

How is poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis treatment?

What is the role of kidney biopsy in the treatment of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

When are inpatient care and/or transfer indicated for the treatment of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

What is the role of throat cultures in the treatment of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

How are skin infections treated in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

When is empirical prophylactic treatment for poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis indicated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which dietary and activity modifications are used in the treatment of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

How is poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Which medications in the drug class Vasodilators are used in the treatment of Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis?

Which medications in the drug class Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are used in the treatment of Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis?

Which medications in the drug class Calcium channel blockers are used in the treatment of Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretics are used in the treatment of Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis?