Pineal Tumors Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jun 17, 2023
  • Author: Jeffrey N Bruce, MD; Chief Editor: Brian H Kopell, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

The principal tumors of the pineal region are germ cell tumors (GCTs), pineal parenchymal tumors, and pineal cysts. The differential diagnosis also includes the following:

  • Tectal glioma
  • Pineal metastasis
  • Primary pineal malignant melanoma
  • Dermoid, epidermoid, and vascular lesions (eg, cavernoma, vein of Galen aneurysm)