Zika Virus Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 11, 2018
  • Author: Bhagyashri D Navalkele, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Zika virus?

What is the risk of Zika virus infection in the US?

Which countries have active Zika virus transmission?

Is Zika virus infection a notifiable/reportable condition?

How is Zika virus transmitted?

Which hosts are susceptible to Zika virus?

What is the structure of Zika virus?

What is the global prevalence Zika virus infection?

How is the typical course of Zika virus infection characterized?

What should travelers and new mothers know about Zika virus?

Presentation

What is the most common symptom of Zika virus infection?

How is the rash in Zika virus infection characterized?

What are the symptoms of Zika virus infection besides rash?

How common is complete recovery from Zika virus infection?

Which congenital malformations are associated with Zika virus infection?

How are newborns exposed to Zika virus monitored?

What complications are associated with Zika virus infection?

DDX

Which conditions may mimic Zika virus infection?

What are the differential diagnoses for Zika Virus?

Workup

Which lab testing is recommended in the workup of Zika virus infection?

What is the role of travel history related to Zika virus infection in pregnancy?

How is Guillain-Barré syndrome related to Zika virus infection diagnosed?

How is serologic testing used in the workup of Zika virus infection?

How is urinalysis used in the workup of Zika virus infection?

Which lab testing for Zika virus infection is indicated in pregnancy?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of Zika virus infection in pregnancy?

When is amniocentesis indicated in the workup of Zika virus infection?

Treatment

What is the treatment of Zika virus infection?

What is the treatment of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with Zika virus infection?

When is consultation indicated in Zika virus infection?

How can Zika virus infection be prevented?

How can the spread of Zika virus be minimized?

How can Zika virus be transmitted other than by mosquito bite?

How long should women who have been exposed to or contracted Zika virus wait before attempting pregnancy?

What are the travel alerts on Zika virus for pregnant women?

Is there a vaccine for Zika virus?

Guidelines

What are the CDC travel advisories on Zika virus?

What are the CDC recommendations to prevent mosquito bites and Zika virus infection?

What are the CDC guidelines for reducing the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus?

What are the FDA guidelines for reducing the risk of transmission of Zika virus via blood products?

What are the CDC recommendations for testing of Zika virus infection?

What are the CDC guidelines on Zika infection testing during pregnancy?

What are the CDC recommendations regarding conception after exposure to Zika virus?

How should providers counsel asymptomatic couples in Zika virus prevalent areas who want to conceive?

When is testing for Zika virus infection indicated?

How can a pregnant woman traveling to endemic areas minimize her risk of exposure to Zika virus?

When is Zika virus infection testing indicated in pregnant women?

What are the CDC guidelines for the management of congenital Zika virus infection in infants?