Elizabethkingia Infections Clinical Presentation

Updated: Feb 03, 2017
  • Author: Meenal Malviya, MBBS, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Presentation

History

Elizabethkingia are opportunistic pathogens that typically cause illness among immunocompromised patients and patients with underlying medical conditions.

According to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Elizabethkingia infections typically result in fever, shortness of breath, chills, or cellulitis. [4] Elizabethkingia infections have also been known to cause neonatal meningitis, and, among immunocompromised persons, meningitis, bloodstream infections, and respiratory infections. [1]

Most patients identified during the current multistate outbreak have been older (>65 years), and all have had at least one serious underlying illness. [1]

Patients with multiple comorbid conditions (especially cancer, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease being treated with dialysis, alcoholism, alcoholic cirrhosis, immunocompromising conditions, immunosuppressive treatment) should prompt a high index of suspicion for Elizabethkingia infections.