Anal Cancer Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 10, 2019
  • Author: Thomas R Dekoj, MD; Chief Editor: N Joseph Espat, MD, MS, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What is the pathophysiology of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What is the prevalence of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What is the prognosis of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What is included in the patient education about the risk for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Which patient groups have an increased risk for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

DDX

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Anal Cancer?

Workup

How is anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) diagnosed?

Which patient groups should be screened for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

How is anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) staged?

Treatment

How is anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) treated?

How are the symptoms of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) managed?

What is the role of chemoradiation therapy in the treatment of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What are the possible complications of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

How is anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Guidelines

Which organizations have issued anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma) guidelines?

What is included in the ASCRS practice parameter for anal cancer?

What are the ASCRS guidelines for pretreatment evaluation of anal cancer?

What are the ASCRS treatment guidelines for anal cancer?

What are the ASCRS post-treatment surveillance guidelines for anal cancer?

What are the ASCRS guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN)?

What is included in the NCCN guidelines for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What are the NCCN diagnostic guidelines for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What are the NCCN treatment guidelines for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

What are the NCCN post-treatment surveillance guidelines for anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of anal cancer (anal squamous cell carcinoma)?

Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Anal Cancer?

Which medications in the drug class Topical Antineoplastic Agents are used in the treatment of Anal Cancer?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic Antineoplastic Agents are used in the treatment of Anal Cancer?