Bacterial Vaginosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 25, 2018
  • Author: Philippe H Girerd, MD; Chief Editor: Michel E Rivlin, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are Nugent’s criteria for evaluation of bacterial in bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the risk factors for bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

How is bacterial vaginosis (BV) diagnosed?

How is bacterial vaginosis (BV) managed?

What is the role of Gardnerella vaginalis in the etiology of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

How was bacterial vaginosis (BV) named?

What are the characteristics of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Why is bacterial vaginosis (BV) thought to be a synergistic polymicrobic infection?

What is the pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What has been linked to the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the etiology of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the risk factors for development of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in the US?

How does the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) vary among races?

What are the risk factors for G vaginalis infection among men?

How does the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) vary among age groups?

What is the prevalence of G vaginalis urinary tract infections (UTI)?

How is uncomplicated bacterial vaginosis (BV) treated?

What is the prognosis of uncomplicated bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the prognosis of complicated bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What complications can occur in bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which infections may be comorbid with bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the risk factors for bacteremia as a complication of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which are possible complications of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What information about bacterial vaginosis (BV) should patients receive?

Presentation

What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the risk factors of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which physical findings suggest bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

DDX

Which infections should be included in the differential diagnoses of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

When is HIV testing indicated in the evaluation of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

How is bacterial vaginosis (BV) treated during pregnancy?

What are the differential diagnoses for Bacterial Vaginosis?

Workup

What is required for a clinical diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What history suggests bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which vaginal exam findings suggest bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are the Amsel criteria for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which microscopic findings are characteristic of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What are Nugent’s criteria for grading bacteria in suspected bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the role of vaginal cultures in the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which diagnostic tests are used in the workup of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What other tests are indicated in the workup of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Treatment

How is bacterial vaginosis (BV) diagnosed in postoperative patients?

What are the treatment options for bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

When are specialist consultations needed for the management of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the role of Lactobacillus (acidophilus) in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What activity modifications are needed during the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Medications

What is the mainstay of therapy for bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What is the role of secnidazole in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis?

Follow-up

What further care for bacterial vaginosis (BV) is needed following treatment?

What is the treatment for recurrent episodes of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Which tests may be performed following treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What causes candidiasis following treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What should be discouraged in patients with bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

What predisposing factors may contribute to the development of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?