Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma Medication

Updated: Jun 14, 2022
  • Author: Luigi Santacroce, MD; Chief Editor: Neerav Goyal, MD, MPH, FACS  more...
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Medication Summary

The most useful drugs for postsurgical treatment of FTC are L-thyroxine (L-T4) and radioiodine. Antineoplastic drugs such as cisplatin and doxorubicin may be useful for palliation in patients with metastases.


Thyroid Products

Class Summary

These agents treat thyroid hormone deficiency.

L-T4, L-thyroxine, levothyroxine (Synthroid)

Useful for prevention of hypothyroidism and to stop TSH stimulation. In active form, influences growth and maturation of tissues. Involved in normal growth, metabolism, and development.


Antithyroid Drug

Class Summary

These agents reduce serum thyroid hormone levels.

Iodine 131, Radioiodine (131-I) (Sodium iodine 131)

Radioiodine is taken up by thyroid tissue and cannot be used in metabolic pathways. Emits beta and gamma radiation that causes destruction of thyroid tissue along a diameter of 400-2000 mcm. Results in destruction of all residual thyroid tissues, either pathologic or normal.


Antineoplastic Drugs

Class Summary

These agents inhibit cell growth and proliferation.

Cisplatin (Platinol)

May be helpful in palliating symptoms in patients with progressive disease. Like other antiproliferative drugs, dosage related to body surface area.

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)

As reported for cisplatin, may be helpful in palliating symptoms in patients with progressive disease. Dosage related to body surface area.