Astrocytoma Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 21, 2018
  • Author: Benjamin C Kennedy, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert H Engelhard, III, MD, PhD, FACS, FAANS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the prognosis of astrocytomas?

What are the signs and symptoms of astrocytomas?

Which physical findings are characteristic of astrocytomas?

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of CT scan in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of angiography in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of radionuclide scans in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of EEG in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of ECG in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of CSF analysis in the workup of astrocytoma?

How are astrocytomas treated?

Which surgical interventions are used in the treatment of astrocytoma?

How are the symptoms of astrocytomas managed?

How are brainstem gliomas treated?

What are astrocytomas?

What are the histopathologic schemes used to grade astrocytomas?

What is the WHO grading scheme for astrocytomas?

What is the pathophysiology of astrocytoma?

What is the annual incidence of astrocytoma in the US?

What is the typical survival for patients with astrocytomas?

What are the racial predilections of astrocytoma?

What are the sexual predilections of astrocytoma?

Which age groups have the highest incidence of astrocytomas?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of astrocytoma?

What is included in physical exam for astrocytoma?

Which physical findings suggest increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with astrocytoma?

What causes astrocytoma?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Astrocytoma?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of astrocytoma?

Which studies may be beneficial in the workup of astrocytoma?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the workup of astrocytoma?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of astrocytoma?

How are astrocytomas staged?

Treatment

How are focal brainstem gliomas treated?

What is the efficacy of treatments for astrocytoma?

How are anaplastic astrocytomas treated?

How are low-grade astrocytomas treated?

What is the prevalence of brainstem gliomas among children?

How are diffuse brainstem gliomas treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of astrocytomas?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with astrocytoma?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of astrocytoma?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of astrocytoma?

Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastic Agent, Alkylating Agent are used in the treatment of Astrocytoma?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Astrocytoma?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of Astrocytoma?

Follow-up

What is included in the outpatient care of patients with astrocytoma?

What is the role of radiation therapy in the treatment of astrocytomas?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of astrocytomas?

What are the possible complications of surgery to treat astrocytoma?

What is the post-treatment prognosis of astrocytomas?

What is the role of kallikrein levels in determining the prognosis of high-grade astrocytoma?