Sleep-Wake Disorders Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 21, 2019
  • Author: Roy H Lubit, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Ana Hategan, MD, FRCPC  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are sleep-wake disorders?

What is the pathophysiology of sleep-wake disorders?

What causes sleep-wake disorders?

Which medical conditions cause sleep-wake disorders?

Which psychiatric conditions cause sleep-wake disorders?

What are the environmental causes of sleep-wake disorders?

What is the prevalence of sleep-wake disorders?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of sleep-wake disorders?

What are the racial predilections of sleep-wake disorders?

What is the prognosis of sleep-wake disorders?

What is included in patient education about sleep-wake disorders?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of sleep-wake disorders?

Which physical findings are characteristic of sleep-wake disorders?

What are the possible complications of sleep-wake disorders?

DDX

Which conditions should be considered in the differential diagnoses of sleep-wake disorders?

What are the differential diagnoses for Sleep-Wake Disorders?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of sleep-wake disorders?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of sleep-wake disorders?

Which clinical screening tools are used in the workup of sleep-wake disorders?

What is the role of a sleep journal in the workup of sleep-wake disorders?

What is the role of EEG and PSG in the workup of sleep-wake disorders?

Treatment

Which comorbidities should be assessed in patients with sleep-wake disorders?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with sleep-wake disorders?

What is the role of sleep hygiene in the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

How are sleep-wake disorders treated?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of sleep-wake disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Orexin Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Sleep-Wake Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, Other are used in the treatment of Sleep-Wake Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Melatonin Receptor Agonists are used in the treatment of Sleep-Wake Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotics are used in the treatment of Sleep-Wake Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Sleep-Wake Disorders?