Panic Disorder Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 21, 2018
  • Author: Mohammed A Memon, MD; Chief Editor: Randon S Welton, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is panic disorder?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for panic disorder?

How is a panic disorder diagnosis confirmed?

What are the complications of panic disorder?

What are the biologic causes of panic disorder?

What are the genetic factors that contribute to panic disorder?

What is the prevalence of panic disorder in the US?

What are common comorbidities of panic disorder?

What are the demographics of panic disorder?

What is the prognosis of panic disorder?

What educational information about panic disorder should be provided to patients and their family?

Presentation

What is the purpose of a medical evaluation for patients with panic disorder?

What are the manifestations of panic disorder?

How is the behavior of patients with panic disorder characterized?

What are the types of panic attacks in panic disorder?

What are the triggers of panic attacks in patients with panic disorder?

What features of the patient history should be included in the assessment of panic disorder?

What are the physical signs of panic disorder?

What is the role of a mental status exam in patients with panic disorder?

What standardized mental status screening tests are used for patients with panic disorder?

DDX

Why is it important for emergency physicians to understand panic disorders?

Which symptoms and related conditions should be considered in the diagnosis of panic disorder?

What other mental illnesses should be considered in the diagnosis of panic disorder?

Which cardiovascular diseases should be considered in the diagnosis of panic disorder?

What are the differential diagnoses for Panic Disorder?

Workup

What are the approach considerations in diagnosing panic disorder?

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of panic disorder?

Which diagnostic measurements are relevant in the workup of panic disorder?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of panic disorder?

Treatment

Which specialist referrals are indicated for patients with panic disorder?

When is therapy indicated for patients with panic disorder, and what are the treatment goals?

What is the role of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the management of panic disorder?

Which medications are used in treatment of panic disorder?

When is outpatient care indicated for patients with panic disorder, and when is inpatient care warranted?

What is the management approach to panic disorder in the emergency department?

What is the role of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the management of panic disorder?

What are the subtypes of panic disorder, and how is each managed?

What is the role of drug treatment for panic disorder?

What is the role of SSRIs and TCAs in the management of panic disorder?

What are the potential adverse effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the management of panic disorder?

Which drugs other than SSRIs are used in the management of panic disorder?

What is the role of benzodiazepines in the management of panic disorder?

What are the potential adverse effects of benzodiazepines in the management of panic disorder?

How are treatment outcomes evaluated and modified when necessary in panic disorder?

What are the APA recommendations on the evaluation of treatment for panic disorder?

How is pharmacologic management of panic disorder discontinued?

How are persistent or recurrent symptoms managed in the treatment of panic disorder?

What is the potential for noncompliance in the treatment of panic disorder?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of panic disorder?

What are the procedures for long-term monitoring of patients with panic disorder?

Medications

Which drugs are used in the treatment of panic disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, Others are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, SNRI’s are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, MAO Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, TCA are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, SSRIs are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines are used in the treatment of Panic Disorder?