Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: T Allen Gore, MD, MBA, CMCM, DFAPA; Chief Editor: David Bienenfeld, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What specifiers are used in the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

How does posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest in children and adolescents?

What is the role of Psychological First Aid (PFA) in the management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the historical background of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

How has the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) changed over time?

What causes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which patient characteristics are associated with increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which peritraumatic factors are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What secondary stresses after a traumatic event can increase the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the US?

What is the prognosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the role of family members in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What resources are available for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the pathophysiology of the brain in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (disorder of extreme stress not otherwise specified [DESNOS])?

How is the concept of betrayal trauma characterized, and how is it related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Presentation

What are the common comorbidities of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the physical indicators of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which features of a mental status exam are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What complications are commonly associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

DDX

What are other diagnoses to consider in the evaluation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?

Workup

What is the role of primary care and mental health providers in recognizing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What self-assessment tools can be used for screening or management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which other studies are indicated in the workup of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Treatment

What is secondary prevention in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

How does Psychological First Aid (PFA) help reduce rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

How does brief cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) help in the prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Can medications help prevent the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the role of CBT in the management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What are the WHO guidelines for primary treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which drugs are used in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the role of inpatient care in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What long-term monitoring is indicated in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

What is the role of physical activity in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonists are used in the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used in the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?