Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 30, 2018
  • Author: Stephen Soreff, MD; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for predominantly inattentive attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for predominantly hyperactive/impulsive attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), regardless of type?

What is an example of a case study of a child with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the pathology of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Which regions of the brain are involved in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the incidence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children in the US?

What is the global incidence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the mortality and morbidity risks associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How does the prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) vary between females or males?

What is the prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among different age groups?

Presentation

What findings of a Mental Status Examination are consistent with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the common psychiatric comorbid disorders of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Which genes are linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of dietary factors in the etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of environmental factors in the pathogenesis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of personality factors in the etiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Workup

What are the requirements to confirm a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the role of psychometric testing in the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the first-line medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the common adverse effects of stimulants used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What is the increased risk for substance abuse with stimulant therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How effective is atomoxetine (Strattera) in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Which antidepressants are effective in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How effective are clonidine and guanfacine in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How effective is modafinil (Provigil) in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are possible adverse effects of magnesium pemoline (Cylert) in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How effective is divalproex in treating comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorder?

How effective is behavioral therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How effective is metacognitive therapy (MCT) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What psychosocial interventions are effective in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children?

What nonpharmacological interventions are available for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How does diet exacerbate attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How does physical activity affect children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Medications

What is the efficacy of nonpharmacologic treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What are the benefits of long-acting medications in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Which long-acting medications are FDA-approved for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Does medication adherence reduce the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -associated traffic accidents?

What are the cardiovascular adverse effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications?

What are possible adverse effects of methylphenidate therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

How are stimulant medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) misused?

What is the risk of criminal activity for patients receiving medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

Which medications in the drug class Stimulants are used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Which medications in the drug class Psychiatry Agents, Other are used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Which medications in the drug class Atypical antidepressants are used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Which medications in the drug class Tricyclic antidepressants are used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha2 agonists, central-acting are used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Follow-up

What follow-up is required for patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

When is psychiatric hospitalization necessary for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What risks increase with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during adolescence and adulthood?

What comorbidities are associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

What education resources are available to patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their family members?