Bronchitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Jazeela Fayyaz, DO; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How is bronchitis characterized?

What are the signs and symptoms of bronchitis?

What physical findings suggest acute bronchitis?

When should bronchitis be suspected?

Which lab studies may be helpful in the diagnosis of bronchitis?

What is the focus of therapy for bronchitis?

Which agents are used in the treatment of bronchitis?

What is the role of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of acute bronchitis?

Is long-term antibiotic prophylaxis indicated in the management of chronic bronchitis?

How is influenza vaccination beneficial in the prevention of bronchitis?

How is bronchitis characterized?

How is chronic bronchitis defined?

How is an acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis characterized?

What triggers bronchitis?

Which condition is frequently misdiagnosed as acute bronchitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of acute bronchitis?

What is pediatric bronchitis?

What is the pathophysiology of acute bronchitis?

What is the role of mycoplasmal pneumonia in the pathophysiology of bronchitis?

What is the pathophysiology of chronic bronchitis?

How is chronic bronchitis categorized?

How is chronic bronchitis with obstruction distinguished from chronic infective asthma?

What causes chronic bronchitis?

What are the most common causes of acute and chronic bronchitis?

Which viruses cause bronchitis?

Which infections cause acute bronchitis?

What is the predominant cause of chronic bronchitis and what are the risk factors for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis?

What is the role of cigarette smoking in the etiology of chronic bronchitis?

What is the role of air pollutants in the etiology of bronchitis?

Which occupational exposures increase the risk of developing chronic bronchitis?

What is the incidence of chronic bronchitis in the US?

What is the global incidence of acute bronchitis?

How does the incidence of bronchitis vary among male and females and different age groups?

What is the prognosis of acute bronchitis?

What education should be given to patients with bronchitis?

Presentation

What is the focus of the history of patients with suspected bronchitis?

What is the most common symptom of bronchitis?

How long does cough usually last in patients with acute bronchitis?

What are less common signs and symptoms of bronchitis?

What is the likelihood of dyspnea and cyanosis in patients with bronchitis?

What are other symptoms of acute bronchitis?

How do physical findings in acute bronchitis vary?

What is the presentation in severe cases of bronchitis?

Which physical findings suggest bronchitis?

What are the possible complications of acute bronchitis?

DDX

Which co-infections may occur with bronchitis?

What are concerns regarding diagnosing streptococcal pharyngitis in patients with bronchitis?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of bronchitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Bronchitis?

Workup

In which patients may bronchitis be suspected?

Which test may be useful to distinguish bacterial infections from nonbacterial infections in bronchitis?

If the cough is persistent, which test may be helpful in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of bronchoscopy in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of influenza tests in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of spirometry in the workup of bronchitis?

What is role of laryngoscopy in the workup of bronchitis?

Which findings suggest chronic obstructive lung disease in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of cultures and staining in the workup of bronchitis?

When are blood cultures indicated in the workup of bronchitis?

What is the role of procalcitonin level measurement in the workup of bronchitis?

Treatment

What is the goal of therapy for bronchitis?

What is the most effective approach to control cough and sputum production in patients with chronic bronchitis?

What are the ACCP recommendations for short-term symptomatic relief in patients with acute and chronic bronchitis?

What are the treatment options for acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis?

What are the treatment options for acute bronchitis?

What is the role of mucolytics in the treatment of chronic bronchitis or COPD?

What is the role of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of bronchitis?

What are the NICE recommendations for antibiotic treatment of acute bronchitis?

When are antibiotics indicated in the treatment of bronchitis?

What is the efficacy of antibiotic treatment in patients with bronchitis?

What is the role of influenza vaccines in the treatment of bronchitis?

What is the role of zinc in the treatment of bronchitis?

Which specialist consultations may be indicated in the treatment of bronchitis?

What monitoring is needed for patients with bronchitis?

Medications

What is the goal of therapy for acute bronchitis?

What is the role of antibiotic treatment for bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antimicrobials are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antitussives/expectorants are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Bronchodilators are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids, Systemic are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids, Inhaled are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antiviral Agents are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics/antipyretics are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?