Respiratory Alkalosis Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 06, 2019
  • Author: Ranjodh Singh Gill, MD, FACP, CCD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is respiratory alkalosis?

How are acute and chronic respiratory alkalosis characterized?

Which patients are at highest risk for respiratory alkalosis?

What is the pathophysiology of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of hyperventilation in the pathophysiology of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of acute hypocapnia in the pathophysiology of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of serum bicarbonate concentration in the pathophysiology of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the expected change in pH with respiratory alkalosis?

How does respiratory alkalosis affect venous-arterial difference in CO2?

What is the frequency of respiratory alkalosis in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity of respiratory alkalosis, and is there a sex predilection?

What is the prognosis of respiratory alkalosis?

Which patients with respiratory alkalosis benefit from breathing technique instruction?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of respiratory alkalosis?

What are the physical findings characteristic of respiratory alkalosis?

What can help limit the differential diagnoses of respiratory alkalosis?

What are the central nervous system causes of respiratory alkalosis?

What are the hypoxia-related causes of respiratory alkalosis?

What are drug-related causes of respiratory alkalosis?

What are endocrine-related causes of respiratory alkalosis?

What are the pulmonary causes of respiratory alkalosis?

What are miscellaneous causes of respiratory alkalosis?

DDX

Why is hyperthyroidism included in the differential diagnosis of respiratory alkalosis?

Why is pregnancy a risk factor for respiratory alkalosis?

How does congestive heart failure cause respiratory alkalosis?

How does chronic or severe liver disease cause respiratory alkalosis?

How is salicylate overdose-related respiratory alkalosis diagnosed?

How do fever and sepsis lead to respiratory alkalosis?

What is characteristic of gram-negative sepsis-caused respiratory alkalosis?

How does pain lead to respiratory alkalosis?

How is hyperventilation syndrome diagnosed?

What are the differential diagnoses for Respiratory Alkalosis?

Workup

How is respiratory alkalosis diagnosed?

What is the role of lab studies in the diagnosis of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of echocardiography in the diagnosis of respiratory alkalosis?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of respiratory alkalosis?

Treatment

What is the focus of treatment for respiratory alkalosis?

How is respiratory alkalosis treated in patients on mechanical ventilators?

How is hyperventilation syndrome treated?

Why is a systemic approach initially needed in the treatment of respiratory alkalosis?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the treatment of respiratory alkalosis?