Hypoventilation Syndromes Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 28, 2018
  • Author: Jazeela Fayyaz, DO; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are hypoventilation syndromes?

What are the specific hypoventilation syndromes?

What is central alveolar hypoventilation?

What is obesity-hypoventilation syndrome?

Which chest wall deformities are associated with hypoventilation syndrome?

Which neuromuscular disorders are associated with hypoventilation syndrome?

What are the risk factors for hypoventilation in severe COPD (COPD)?

What is the respiratory physiology of hypoventilation?

What causes hypoventilation during sleep?

What causes hypoventilation?

What is the role of gas exchange abnormalities in the etiology of hypoventilation syndromes?

What causes primary and central alveolar hypoventilation?

What causes congenital central hypoventilation syndrome?

What causes obesity-hypoventilation syndrome?

How do chest wall deformities cause hypoventilation?

How do neuromuscular disorders cause hypoventilation?

What causes hypoventilation in COPD?

What is the prevalence of hypoventilation syndrome in the US?

What are the sexual predilections of hypoventilation?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of hypoventilation?

What is the prognosis of hypoventilation syndrome?

Presentation

What causes variance in the clinical manifestations of hypoventilation syndrome?

What is the progression of hypoventilation syndrome?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of central alveolar hypoventilation?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of obesity-hypoventilation syndrome?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of COPD associated with hypoventilation syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hypoventilation syndromes?

Which physical findings are characteristic of alveolar hypoventilation syndromes?

Which thoracic findings are characteristic of hypoventilation syndrome?

What are the findings of pulmonary hypertension characteristic of hypoventilation syndromes?

Which physical findings are characteristic of advanced hypoventilation syndromes?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Workup

How are hypoventilation syndromes diagnosed?

What is the role of serum chemistries in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of complete blood cell count in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of thyroid function studies in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of arterial blood gas analysis in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of transdiaphragmatic pressure measurement in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of fluoroscopy in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of chest CT scanning in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of brain CT scanning in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of brain MRI in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of pulmonary function tests in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of ECG in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of EMG and nerve conduction studies in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of polysomnography in the workup of hypoventilation syndromes?

Treatment

How are hypoventilation syndromes treated?

What is the role of ventilatory assistance in acute hypoventilation syndrome?

What is the role of ventilatory assistance in chronic hypoventilation syndromes?

When is noninvasive bilevel positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) indicated in the treatment of chronic hypoventilation syndromes?

When is nocturnal bilevel positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) indicated in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of hypoventilation syndrome?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of hypoventilation syndrome?

How are hypoventilation syndromes affected by alcohol and substance misuse?

What is the role of oxygen therapy in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of respiratory stimulants in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of medroxyprogesterone in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of acetazolamide in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of theophylline in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of weight loss in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of bariatric surgery in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of diaphragm pacing in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

When is ICU admission indicated for the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

What is the role of home oxygen therapy in the treatment of hypoventilation syndrome?

What is included in the long-term outpatient treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with hypoventilation syndromes?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of hypoventilation syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Long-Acting Beta Agonists are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Long-Acting Muscarinic Agents are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Long acting beta agonists are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Progestins are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Pulmonary, Other are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Benzodiazepine Toxicity Antidotes are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Opioid Reversal Agents are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?

Which medications in the drug class Beta2 Agonists are used in the treatment of Hypoventilation Syndromes?