Cervical Myofascial Pain Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 13, 2020
  • Author: Grant Cooper, MD; Chief Editor: Dean H Hommer, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cervical myofascial pain?

What causes cervical myofascial pain?

What is the prevalence of cervical myofascial pain in the US and internationally?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the prognosis of cervical myofascial pain?

What is included in patient education about cervical myofascial pain?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cervical myofascial pain?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cervical myofascial pain?

What are the characteristics of trigger points in cervical myofascial pain?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Cervical Myofascial Pain?

Workup

How is cervical myofascial pain diagnosed?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of electrophysiologic studies in the workup of cervical myofascial pain?

Treatment

How is cervical myofascial pain treated?

What is the role of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of physical therapy in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of trigger point injection in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of stretch and spray in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of ischemic compression in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

What is the role of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of cervical myofascial pain?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants, Other are used in the treatment of Cervical Myofascial Pain?

Which medications in the drug class Opioid Analgesics are used in the treatment of Cervical Myofascial Pain?

Which medications in the drug class Skeletal Muscle Relaxants are used in the treatment of Cervical Myofascial Pain?

Which medications in the drug class Tricyclic Antidepressants are used in the treatment of Cervical Myofascial Pain?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Cervical Myofascial Pain?