Cervical Sprain and Strain Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Apr 09, 2021
  • Author: Michael D Freeman, MedDr, PhD, MScFMS, MPH, MFFLM, DLM, FACE; Chief Editor: Consuelo T Lorenzo, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

These include the following:

  • Cervical herniated disc

  • Cervical myelopathy

  • Cervical osteoarthritis

  • Infection or osteomyelitis

  • Inflammatory rheumatologic disease

  • Malingering

  • Psychogenic pain disorder

  • Referred pain from cardiothoracic structures

  • Tumor or malignancy of cervical spine

  • Vascular abnormality of cervical structures

Differential Diagnoses