Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation for Piriformis Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Sep 16, 2020
  • Author: Milton J Klein, DO, MBA; Chief Editor: Ryan O Stephenson, DO  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is piriformis syndrome, and how is it addressed?

What is the pathophysiology of piriformis syndrome?

What causes piriformis syndrome?

How is piriformis syndrome classified?

What is the prevalence of piriformis syndrome in the US?

What is the morbidity associated with piriformis syndrome?

What are the sexual predilections of piriformis syndrome?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of piriformis syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of trauma in the etiology of piriformis syndrome?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of piriformis syndrome?

What are the differential diagnoses for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation for Piriformis Syndrome?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of electrodiagnostic testing in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

Treatment

What are the functional biomechanical deficits and adaptations associated with piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of physical therapy in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

How is piriformis syndrome treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with piriformis syndrome?

Which treatments for piriformis syndrome are performed prior to physical therapy?

What is the role of injections in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of acupuncture in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

Follow-up

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

How is piriformis syndrome prevented?

What are the possible complications of piriformis syndrome?

What is the prognosis of piriformis syndrome?

What is included in patient education about piriformis syndrome?