West Nile Virus Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 02, 2018
  • Author: Jess D Salinas, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is West Nile virus?

How is West Nile virus infection diagnosed and treated?

What is the pathophysiology of West Nile virus infection?

What is the prevalence of West Nile virus infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of West Nile virus infection?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with West Nile virus infection?

What is the racial predisposition of West Nile virus infection?

What is the sexual predilection of West Nile virus infection?

Which age group is at highest risk for West Nile virus infection?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of West Nile virus infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of West Nile virus infection?

How is West Nile virus transmitted?

DDX

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of West Nile virus infection?

What are the differential diagnoses for West Nile Virus?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of West Nile virus infection?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of West Nile virus infection?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of West Nile virus infection?

Treatment

What is the role of physical therapy in the treatment of West Nile virus infection?

What is the role of occupational therapy in the treatment of West Nile virus infection?

What is the role of speech therapy in the treatment of West Nile virus infection?

How are pressure ulcers prevented in patients with West Nile virus infection?

How is deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prevented in patients with West Nile virus infection?

How are the pulmonary complications of West Nile virus infection prevented?

What is the prevalence of West Nile virus infection in myasthenia gravis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of West Nile virus infection?

Which specialist consultations may be helpful to patients with West Nile virus infection?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of West Nile virus infection?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of West Nile virus infection?

How is West Nile virus infection prevented?

What is the prognosis of West Nile virus infection?