Bladder Dysfunction Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jul 28, 2021
  • Author: Gregory T Carter, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

In addition to the conditions listed in the differential diagnosis, other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Urinary outflow obstruction

  • Prostatism

  • Urinary tract infection

Failure to identify urinary tract infections could lead to urosepsis. Failure to identify reflux could lead to renal failure. Failure to identify abnormal bladder mechanics (eg, dyssynergia) could lead to inappropriate management. Failure to perform cystoscopy for patients who have had long-term indwelling catheters may lead to missing a diagnosis of bladder cancer.

Consult a urologist for diagnostic and therapeutic management of new and complicated cases.

Sacral and peripheral differential diagnoses are as follows:

Suprasacral differential diagnoses are as follows:

Suprapontine differential diagnoses are as follows: