Acute Rheumatic Fever Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 04, 2018
  • Author: Robert J Meador, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the pathophysiology of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What causes acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the US prevalence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the global prevalence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

How is poststreptococcal reactive arthritis differentiated from acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Workup

How is acute rheumatic fever (ARF) diagnosed?

What are the Jones diagnostic criteria for acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Treatment

How is acute rheumatic fever (ARF) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment and prevention of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

Which medications in the drug class Positive inotropic agents are used in the treatment of Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Which medications in the drug class Neuroleptic agents are used in the treatment of Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Which medications in the drug class Glucocorticosteroids are used in the treatment of Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Which medications in the drug class Anti-inflammatory agents are used in the treatment of Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Acute Rheumatic Fever?

Follow-up

What is included in the long-term monitoring of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

When is transfer indicated for the treatment of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is included in patient education about acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What are the possible complications of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?

What is the prognosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF)?