Lymphomas, Endocrine, Mesenchymal, and Other Rare Tumors of the Mediastinum Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are lymphomas, endocrine, mesenchymal, and other rare tumors of the mediastinum?

What are the most common tumors of the mediastinum?

How are tumors of the mediastinum diagnosed?

What is the anatomy of the mediastinum relevant to lymphomas, endocrine, mesenchymal, and other tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the pathophysiology of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the pathophysiology of systemic abnormalities in tumors of the mediastinum?

What are the systemic abnormalities of lymphatic tumors in the mediastinum?

What are the systemic abnormalities of mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum?

What are systemic abnormalities of ectopic endocrine tissue in the mediastinum?

What causes lymphatic tumors in the mediastinum?

What causes mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum?

What causes ectopic endocrine tumors in the mediastinum?

What is the prevalence of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the prognosis of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the prognosis of mediastinal lymphomas in the mediastinum?

What is the prognosis of malignant mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum?

What is the prognosis of mediastinal parathyroid carcinoma in the mediastinum?

What is the prognosis of intrathoracic goiter with occult malignancy in the mediastinum?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of tumors of the mediastinum?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of chest radiography in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of radionuclide scanning in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of echocardiography and ultrasonography in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of PET scanning in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of arteriography in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of cervical mediastinoscopy in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of anterior mediastinotomy in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of posterior mediastinotomy in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of sternotomy and thoracotomy in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of VATS in the workup of tumors of the mediastinum?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of Hodgkin lymphoma in the mediastinum?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the mediastinum?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of ectopic endocrine tissue in the mediastinum?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum?

Which tumors in the mediastinum have well-established staging systems?

How are lymphomas in the mediastinum staged?

Treatment

How are tumors of the mediastinum treated?

How are lymphatic tumors in the mediastinum treated?

How are mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum treated?

How are ectopic endocrine tissue in the mediastinum treated?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma in the mediastinum?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the mediastinum?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of lymphoblastic lymphoma in the mediastinum?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of mesenchymal tumors in the mediastinum?

What is the role of medical therapy in the treatment of ectopic endocrine tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is included in preoperative care prior to resection of tumors of the mediastinum?

How is superior vena cava syndrome treated in patients with tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the surgical approach to tumors of the mediastinum?

What is the role of intubation in the surgical resection of tumors of the mediastinum?

What is included in postoperative care following resection of tumors of the mediastinum?

What are the possible complications of lymphomas, endocrine, mesenchymal, and other rare tumors of the mediastinum?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of lymphomas, endocrine, mesenchymal, and other rare tumors of the mediastinum?